The Stories Behind The Story:
This is the account of Abraham's son Isaac.
Abraham became the father of Isaac,  and Isaac was forty years old when he married Rebekah daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan Aram and sister of Laban the Aramean.
 Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife, because she was barren. The Lord answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant.  The babies jostled each other within her, and she said, "Why is this happening to me?" So she went to inquire of the Lord.
 The Lord said to her,
"Two nations are in your womb,
and two peoples from within you will be separated;
one people will be stronger than the other,
and the older will serve the younger."
 When the time came for her to give birth, there were twin boys in her womb.  The first to come out was red, and his whole body was like a hairy garment; so they named him Esau.  After this, his brother came out, with his hand grasping Esau's heel; so he was named Jacob. Isaac was sixty years old when Rebekah gave birth to them.
 The boys grew up, and Esau became a skillful hunter, a man of the open country, while Jacob was a quiet man, staying among the tents.  Isaac, who had a taste for wild game, loved Esau, but Rebekah loved Jacob.
 Once when Jacob was cooking some stew, Esau came in from the open country, famished.  He said to Jacob, "Quick, let me have some of that red stew! I'm famished!" (That is why he was also called Edom.)
 Jacob replied, "First sell me your birthright."
 "Look, I am about to die," Esau said. "What good is the birthright to me?"
 But Jacob said, "Swear to me first." So he swore an oath to him, selling his birthright to Jacob.
 Then Jacob gave Esau some bread and some lentil stew. He ate and drank, and then got up and left.
So Esau despised his birthright. [NIV]
The boys grew up, and Esau became a skillful hunter, a man of the open country, while Jacob was a quiet man, staying among the tents. [NIV]
Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, saying:
"This is what your brother Israel says: You know about all the hardships that have come upon us.  Our forefathers went down into Egypt, and we lived there many years. The Egyptians mistreated us and our fathers,  but when we cried out to the Lord, he heard our cry and sent an angel and brought us out of Egypt.
"Now we are here at Kadesh, a town on the edge of your territory.  Please let us pass through your country. We will not go through any field or vineyard, or drink water from any well. We will travel along the king's highway and not turn to the right or to the left until we have passed through your territory."
 But Edom answered:
"You may not pass through here; if you try, we will march out and attack you with the sword."
 The Israelites replied:
"We will go along the main road, and if we or our livestock drink any of your water, we will pay for it. We only want to pass through on foot--nothing else."
 Again they answered:
"You may not pass through."
Then Edom came out against them with a large and powerful army.  Since Edom refused to let them go through their territory, Israel turned away from them. [NIV]
2 Chronicles 20:1-30
After this, the Moabites and Ammonites with some of the Meunites came to make war on Jehoshaphat.
 Some men came and told Jehoshaphat, "A vast army is coming against you from Edom, from the other side of the Sea. It is already in Hazazon Tamar" (that is, En Gedi).  Alarmed, Jehoshaphat resolved to inquire of the Lord, and he proclaimed a fast for all Judah.  The people of Judah came together to seek help from the Lord; indeed, they came from every town in Judah to seek him.
 Then Jehoshaphat stood up in the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem at the temple of the Lord in the front of the new courtyard  and said:
"O Lord, God of our fathers, are you not the God who is in heaven? You rule over all the kingdoms of the nations. Power and might are in your hand, and no one can withstand you.  O our God, did you not drive out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel and give it forever to the descendants of Abraham your friend?  They have lived in it and have built in it a sanctuary for your Name, saying,  'If calamity comes upon us, whether the sword of judgment, or plague or famine, we will stand in your presence before this temple that bears your Name and will cry out to you in our distress, and you will hear us and save us.'
 "But now here are men from Ammon, Moab and Mount Seir, whose territory you would not allow Israel to invade when they came from Egypt; so they turned away from them and did not destroy them.  See how they are repaying us by coming to drive us out of the possession you gave us as an inheritance.  O our God, will you not judge them? For we have no power to face this vast army that is attacking us. We do not know what to do, but our eyes are upon you."
 All the men of Judah, with their wives and children and little ones, stood there before the Lord.
 Then the Spirit of the Lord came upon Jahaziel son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite and descendant of Asaph, as he stood in the assembly.
 He said: "Listen, King Jehoshaphat and all who live in Judah and Jerusalem! This is what the Lord says to you: 'Do not be afraid or discouraged because of this vast army. For the battle is not yours, but God's.  Tomorrow march down against them. They will be climbing up by the Pass of Ziz, and you will find them at the end of the gorge in the Desert of Jeruel.  You will not have to fight this battle. Take up your positions; stand firm and see the deliverance the Lord will give you, O Judah and Jerusalem. Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged. Go out to face them tomorrow, and the Lord will be with you.' "
 Jehoshaphat bowed with his face to the ground, and all the people of Judah and Jerusalem fell down in worship before the Lord.  Then some Levites from the Kohathites and Korahites stood up and praised the Lord, the God of Israel, with very loud voice.
 Early in the morning they left for the Desert of Tekoa. As they set out, Jehoshaphat stood and said, "Listen to me, Judah and people of Jerusalem! Have faith in the Lord your God and you will be upheld; have faith in his prophets and you will be successful."  After consulting the people, Jehoshaphat appointed men to sing to the Lord and to praise him for the splendor of his holiness as they went out at the head of the army, saying:
"Give thanks to the Lord,
for his love endures forever."
 As they began to sing and praise, the Lord set ambushes against the men of Ammon and Moab and Mount Seir who were invading Judah, and they were defeated.  The men of Ammon and Moab rose up against the men from Mount Seir to destroy and annihilate them. After they finished slaughtering the men from Seir, they helped to destroy one another.
 When the men of Judah came to the place that overlooks the desert and looked toward the vast army, they saw only dead bodies lying on the ground; no one had escaped.  So Jehoshaphat and his men went to carry off their plunder, and they found among them a great amount of equipment and clothing and also articles of value--more than they could take away. There was so much plunder that it took three days to collect it.  On the fourth day they assembled in the Valley of Beracah, where they praised the Lord. This is why it is called the Valley of Beracah to this day.
 Then, led by Jehoshaphat, all the men of Judah and Jerusalem returned joyfully to Jerusalem, for the Lord had given them cause to rejoice over their enemies.  They entered Jerusalem and went to the temple of the Lord with harps and lutes and trumpets.
 The fear of God came upon all the kingdoms of the countries when they heard how the Lord had fought against the enemies of Israel.  And the kingdom of Jehoshaphat was at peace, for his God had given him rest on every side.
The Problems With The Edomites:
The vision of Obadiah.
This is what the Sovereign Lord says about Edom--
We have heard a message from the Lord:
An envoy was sent to the nations to say,
"Rise, and let us go against her for battle"--
 "See, I will make you small among the nations;
you will be utterly despised.
 The pride of your heart has deceived you,
you who live in the clefts of the rocks
and make your home on the heights,
you who say to yourself,
'Who can bring me down to the ground?'
 Though you soar like the eagle
and make your nest among the stars,
from there I will bring you down,"
declares the Lord.
 "If thieves came to you,
if robbers in the night--
Oh, what a disaster awaits you--
would they not steal only as much as they wanted?
If grape pickers came to you,
would they not leave a few grapes?
 But how Esau will be ransacked,
his hidden treasures pillaged!
 All your allies will force you to the border;
your friends will deceive and overpower you;
those who eat your bread will set a trap for you,
but you will not detect it.
 "In that day," declares the Lord,
"will I not destroy the wise men of Edom,
men of understanding in the mountains of Esau?
 Your warriors, O Teman, will be terrified,
and everyone in Esau's mountains
will be cut down in the slaughter.
 Because of the violence against your brother Jacob,
you will be covered with shame;
you will be destroyed forever.
 On the day you stood aloof
while strangers carried off his wealth
and foreigners entered his gates
and cast lots for Jerusalem,
you were like one of them.
 You should not look down on your brother
in the day of his misfortune,
nor rejoice over the people of Judah
in the day of their destruction,
nor boast so much
in the day of their trouble.
 You should not march through the gates of my people
in the day of their disaster,
nor look down on them
in their calamity in the day of their disaster,
nor seize their wealth
in the day of their disaster.
 You should not wait at the crossroads
to cut down their fugitives,
nor hand over their survivors
in the day of their trouble.
 "The day of the Lord is near
for all nations.
As you have done, it will be done to you;
your deeds will return upon your own head.
 Just as you drank on my holy hill,
so all the nations will drink continually;
they will drink and drink
and be as if they had never been.
 But on Mount Zion will be deliverance;
it will be holy,
and the house of Jacob
will possess its inheritance.
 The house of Jacob will be a fire
and the house of Joseph a flame;
the house of Esau will be stubble,
and they will set it on fire and consume it.
There will be no survivors
from the house of Esau."
The Lord has spoken.
 People from the Negev will occupy
the mountains of Esau,
and people from the foothills will possess
the land of the Philistines.
They will occupy the fields of Ephraim and Samaria,
and Benjamin will possess Gilead.
 This company of Israelite exiles who are in Canaan
will possess the land as far as Zarephath;
the exiles from Jerusalem who are in Sepharad
will possess the towns of the Negev.
 Deliverers will go up on Mount Zion
to govern the mountains of Esau.
And the kingdom will be the Lord's. [NIV]
"This is what the Sovereign Lord says: 'Because Edom took revenge on the house of Judah and became very guilty by doing so,  therefore this is what the Sovereign Lord says: I will stretch out my hand against Edom and kill its men and their animals. I will lay it waste, and from Teman to Dedan they will fall by the sword.  I will take vengeance on Edom by the hand of my people Israel, and they will deal with Edom in accordance with my anger and my wrath; they will know my vengeance, declares the Sovereign Lord.' " [NIV]
The word of the Lord came to me:  "Son of man, set your face against Mount Seir; prophesy against it  and say: 'This is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am against you, Mount Seir, and I will stretch out my hand against you and make you a desolate waste.  I will turn your towns into ruins and you will be desolate. Then you will know that I am the Lord.
 " 'Because you harbored an ancient hostility and delivered the Israelites over to the sword at the time of their calamity, the time their punishment reached its climax,  therefore as surely as I live, declares the Sovereign Lord, I will give you over to bloodshed and it will pursue you. Since you did not hate bloodshed, bloodshed will pursue you.  I will make Mount Seir a desolate waste and cut off from it all who come and go.  I will fill your mountains with the slain; those killed by the sword will fall on your hills and in your valleys and in all your ravines.  I will make you desolate forever; your towns will not be inhabited. Then you will know that I am the Lord.
 " 'Because you have said, "These two nations and countries will be ours and we will take possession of them," even though I the Lord was there,  therefore as surely as I live, declares the Sovereign Lord, I will treat you in accordance with the anger and jealousy you showed in your hatred of them and I will make myself known among them when I judge you.  Then you will know that I the Lord have heard all the contemptible things you have said against the mountains of Israel. You said, "They have been laid waste and have been given over to us to devour."  You boasted against me and spoke against me without restraint, and I heard it.  This is what the Sovereign Lord says: While the whole earth rejoices, I will make you desolate.  Because you rejoiced when the inheritance of the house of Israel became desolate, that is how I will treat you. You will be desolate, O Mount Seir, you and all of Edom. Then they will know that I am the Lord.' "
[36:1] "Son of man, prophesy to the mountains of Israel and say, 'O mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord.  This is what the Sovereign Lord says: The enemy said of you, "Aha! The ancient heights have become our possession." '  Therefore prophesy and say, 'This is what the Sovereign Lord says: Because they ravaged and hounded you from every side so that you became the possession of the rest of the nations and the object of people's malicious talk and slander,  therefore, O mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Sovereign Lord: This is what the Sovereign Lord says to the mountains and hills, to the ravines and valleys, to the desolate ruins and the deserted towns that have been plundered and ridiculed by the rest of the nations around you--  this is what the Sovereign Lord says: In my burning zeal I have spoken against the rest of the nations, and against all Edom, for with glee and with malice in their hearts they made my land their own possession so that they might plunder its pastureland.' [NIV]
The kings of the earth did not believe,
nor did any of the world's people,
that enemies and foes could enter
the gates of Jerusalem.
 But it happened because of the sins of her prophets
and the iniquities of her priests,
who shed within her
the blood of the righteous.
 Now they grope through the streets
like men who are blind.
They are so defiled with blood
that no one dares to touch their garments.
 "Go away! You are unclean!" men cry to them.
"Away! Away! Don't touch us!"
When they flee and wander about,
people among the nations say,
"They can stay here no longer."
 The Lord himself has scattered them;
he no longer watches over them.
The priests are shown no honor,
the elders no favor.
 Moreover, our eyes failed,
looking in vain for help;
from our towers we watched
for a nation that could not save us.
 Men stalked us at every step,
so we could not walk in our streets.
Our end was near, our days were numbered,
for our end had come.
 Our pursuers were swifter
than eagles in the sky;
they chased us over the mountains
and lay in wait for us in the desert.
 The Lord's anointed, our very life breath,
was caught in their traps.
We thought that under his shadow
we would live among the nations.
 Rejoice and be glad, O Daughter of Edom,
you who live in the land of Uz.
But to you also the cup will be passed;
you will be drunk and stripped naked.
 O Daughter of Zion, your punishment will end;
he will not prolong your exile.
But, O Daughter of Edom, he will punish your sin
and expose your wickedness. [NIV]
How Not To Be An Edomite:
There are six things the Lord hates,
seven that are detestable to him:
 haughty eyes,
a lying tongue,
hands that shed innocent blood,
 a heart that devises wicked schemes,
feet that are quick to rush into evil,
 a false witness who pours out lies
and a man who stirs up dissension among brothers. [NIV]
The Lord detests all the proud of heart.
Be sure of this: They will not go unpunished. [NIV]
Pride goes before destruction,
a haughty spirit before a fall.
 Better to be lowly in spirit and among the oppressed
than to share plunder with the proud. [NIV]
In his pride the wicked does not seek him;
in all his thoughts there is no room for God. [NIV]
He went on: "What comes out of a man is what makes him 'unclean.'  For from within, out of men's hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder, adultery,  greed, malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly.  All these evils come from inside and make a man 'unclean.' " [NIV]
How you have fallen from heaven,
O morning star, son of the dawn!
You have been cast down to the earth,
you who once laid low the nations!
 You said in your heart,
"I will ascend to heaven;
I will raise my throne
above the stars of God;
I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly,
on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain.
 I will ascend above the tops of the clouds;
I will make myself like the Most High."
 But you are brought down to the grave,
to the depths of the pit. [NIV]
1 Corinthians 4:7
For who makes you different from anyone else? What do you have that you did not receive? And if you did receive it, why do you boast as though you did not? [NIV]
"Blessed are the poor in spirit,
for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. [NIV]
When Jesus heard what had happened, he withdrew by boat privately to a solitary place. Hearing of this, the crowds followed him on foot from the towns.  When Jesus landed and saw a large crowd, he had compassion on them and healed their sick.
 As evening approached, the disciples came to him and said, "This is a remote place, and it's already getting late. Send the crowds away, so they can go to the villages and buy themselves some food."
 Jesus replied, "They do not need to go away. You give them something to eat." [NIV]
"When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory.  All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.  He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left.
 "Then the King will say to those on his right, 'Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world.  For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in,  I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me.'
 "Then the righteous will answer him, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink?  When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or needing clothes and clothe you?  When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you?'
 "The King will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.'
 "Then he will say to those on his left, 'Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.  For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink,  I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, I needed clothes and you did not clothe me, I was sick and in prison and you did not look after me.'
 "They also will answer, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you?'
 "He will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.'
 "Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life." [NIV]
Religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: to look after orphans and widows in their distress and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world. [NIV]
What good is it, my brothers, if a man claims to have faith but has no deeds? Can such faith save him?  Suppose a brother or sister is without clothes and daily food.  If one of you says to him, "Go, I wish you well; keep warm and well fed," but does nothing about his physical needs, what good is it?  In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead.
 But someone will say, "You have faith; I have deeds."
Show me your faith without deeds, and I will show you my faith by what I do.  You believe that there is one God. Good! Even the demons believe that--and shudder. [NIV]
By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another." [NIV]
learn to do right!
encourage the oppressed.
Defend the cause of the fatherless,
plead the case of the widow. [NIV]